Sunday, November 5, 2017

NJATTUVELA



Njattuvela is a ancient system prevailed in Kerala for calculation of specific periods for cultivation. This knowledge acquired through observing the climate and seasons.
     Njattuvela is closely related to sun. It is believed that name “Njattuvela”derived from Njayar vela in which Njayar denotes Sun and Vela means periods.There are 27 Njattuvelas and each Njattuvela has  its own quality, quantity, duration and Character.In each Njattuvela there will be 13.5 days time frame.
Growth of plants influenced by the celestial bodies such as Sun and Moon. Since there is 365 days in a Year, if we divide this with 27 we will get 13.5 so each Njattuvela has 13.5 days. Only Thiruvathira Njattuvela is slightly longer (15 days), which is famous for its heavy rain and good sunshine.
 In Malayalam calendar each day is distinct with the name of a particular star in the sky and 27 stars are reckoned accordingly. 27 Njattuvelas are identified in the name of each of these stars based on the proximity of each stars with Sun.

ENGLISH MONTH
MALAYALAM MONTH
NJATTUVELA
APRIL  /
MAY
MEDAM
ASWATHI
BHARANI
KARTHIKA  1/4
MAY /
JUNE

EDAVAM
KARTHIKA  3/4
ROHINI
MAKAYIRAM  1/2
JUNE /
JULY

MIDHUNAM
MAKAYIRAM  1/2
THIRUVATHIRA
PUNARTHAM  3/4
JULY /
AUGUST

KARKKIDAKAM
PUNARTHAM1/4
POOYAM
AAYILYAM
AUGUST/ SEPTEMBER

CHINGAM
MAKAM
POORAM
UTHRAM 1/4
SEPTEMBER/ OCTOBER

KANNI
UTHRAM3/4
ATHAM
CHITRA 1/2
OCTOBER/ NOVEMBER

THULAM
CHITRA 1/2
CHOTHI
VISHAKHAM  3/4
NOVEMBER/ DECEMBER

VRICHIKAM
VISHAKHAM 1/4
ANIZHAM
THRIKKETTA
DECEMBER/ JANUARY

DHANU
MOOLAM
POORADAM 
UTHRADAM  ¼

JANUARY/ FEBRUARY

MAKARAM
UTHRADAM  3/4
THIRUVONAM
AVITTOM  1/2
FEBRUARY/
 MARCH

KUMBAM
AVITTOM  1/2
CHATHAYAM
POORUTTATHI  3/4
MARCH /
 APRIL

MEENAM
POORUTTATHI  1/4
UTHRATTATHI
REVATHI